Hyperopia (farsightedness), is a refractive error, which means that the eye does not bend or refract light properly to a single focus to see images clearly.
Hyperopia occurs when the eye is shorter than normal or has a cornea (clear front window of the eye) that is too flat. As a result, light rays focus beyond the retina instead of on it. Farsightedness is actually a poor term to describe the vision with this condition, because although the vision is clearer at distance than at near, it is not perfectly clear at distance either, it is just worse at near. Generally, hyperopia allows you to see distant objects somewhat clearly but near objects will appear much more blurred.